Like most people I have been running an instance of Kali in a virtual machine. I am typically on my Surface Pro 4 using Windows 10 and using VMWare Workstation. This workflow has been working fine for sometime now, however I have been wanting something that is a bit more natural, quick and easy to use. Sometimes when you need to quickly spin up a tool in can be cumbersome to have to boot up the full VM to get it running.
Recently I have found Docker as a way to containerise a Kali instance. Spinning up a Docker Container is extremely quick and can provide you instance access to all your tools inside a command prompt of your host operating system. This post will take you through setting up and configuring an instance of Kali Linux in Docker on Windows 10.
Installing Docker for Windows.
Docker-compose ps. Yep, it’s that microservice that’s still buggy. No issue, I’ll just restart it: docker-compose restart. Okay now let’s try again. Oh wait the issue is still there. Docker-compose ps. Right so the service must have just stopped immediately after starting. This is the image that you should likely use, it is updated weekly from the kali-rolling repository that all Kali users are using. After adding Docker to APT, we need to update apt once more so we will be able to install Docker on Kali Linux: sudo apt update. In case you have any old and/or outdated versions of Docker installed on your system, we make sure to get rid of them first: sudo apt remove docker docker-engine docker.io. Once this is done, we are ready to install Docker on Kali Linux: sudo apt install docker-ce -y. Finally, starting Docker: sudo systemctl start docker. Image built from the kali-dev development repository (for tests only) Container. 100K+ Downloads. By kalilinux. Updated 4 days ago. Click if you have an ARM device. Run the container docker run –rm -it -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock -v /yourpath:/.config/jesseduffield/lazydocker lazyteam/lazydocker. Don’t forget to change /yourpath to an actual path you created to store lazydocker’s config.
On Windows 10 (Anniversary Edition), you will firstly need to enable the use of containers. Using, Win + r, enter ‘optionalfeatures’ to access the ‘Turn Windows Features on or off’ prompt. Tick the box next to Containers and then click ‘Ok’.Browse to Dockers home page and download the Docker for Windows Community Edition.After Downloading, follow the bouncing ball to install Docker. It will see you need to log out of your account and back in, and you will need to make sure you are an administrator to make sure the installation goes smoothly.
When you run docker for the first time, if you do not have Hyper-V enabled it will ask you to turn it on. For those that are also running VMWare Workstation or VirtualBox this will mean that these Virtual Machine applications will not run. This is one downside to running Docker, however, you can turn Hyper-V off, reboot and then run your Virtual Machine software as normal (when you go to run Docker again, it will again prompt you to turn back on Hyper-V).
Now that docker is running, open up your prefered command prompt (cmd.exe, PowerShell, I am using Cmder which is great!) and run the following command:
This will download the offical Kali Linux Docker image to your computer. Once downloaded you can run the container with the following command:
The ‘-it’ option allows you to open an interactive session with the container.
You will now be presented with the command prompt of your Kali instance.
The kali instance you download has no tools installed at all. This allows you to full customise the Kali instance to contain as many tools as you want/need. The first thing to do, is to update the repositories, upgrade whats there and remove what we dont need:
You have a number of options for installing Tools. You can install the individual tools that you need yourself. Or you can install Kali’s meta-packages. These packages allow you to install the tools within Kali in customised packages for specific purposes. If you are not sure, the best option is to simply install the kali-linux-full package as it contains all the tools you would get if you downloaded and installed the .iso for Kali. To do this run the following:
Now, there are other options to install the Kali tools such as the Katoolin script, however, using the offical Kali docker image with the metapackages gives you the extra ‘goodies’ that Kali has other than just the tools. This includes all the things you find in /usr/share/ such as wordlists, password files, directory brute forcing files, Webshells etc, etc.
Committing the Image
Install Docker On Kali Linux
Now you can exit your container by simplying type ‘exit’. To view your active container type:
Now, we can re-enter our container by typing:
Note that - ‘a8c6b00c02ca’ is the container ID, this ID will be specific to your container and will change for every container you create.
After re-starting your container, you can enter it by typing:
Kali Linux Docker Container
This method will work well if you only have to have the one Kali container open. However, if you are like me you will have multiple terminal open at once, which means we need to commit our current container to an image, so that we can load multiple containers off that one image. To do this type:
This will create a new image ‘kali’ from our container. We can view the images we have in Docker by running the following command:
From here, we can now remove our container using the commands:
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Starting Kali Containers
Now that we have our new image, we can start a new container with the following command:
The option ‘–rm’ means that our kali container will be removed as soon as we exit it. This is beneficial as if we didn’t remove it automatically we could potentially have multiple containers building up on our system chewing up hard disk space and resources. I will often only omit the ‘–rm’ option when I am making system changes that I want to persist in my Kali Docker image (following the process described above).
From here I can spin up as many containers as I need to get my work done.
Connecting to ports
Using tools such as netcat and metasploit where I have listeners set up and waiting to catch a shell, I need to enable that port via my docker image. Therfore, if I know I am going to be using a port in my docker instance I need to enable it when I run docker. i.e.
This maps port 4444 in my docker instance to the port 4444 on my host machine. So, when I set up my reverse listener on a target I want to direct it to the IP address of my host machine, not the IP address of my docker instance.
Using Kali in Docker is far from perfect. I have not been able to get Kali’s GUI applications to run successfully after trying different X-server options such as XMing and Cygwin/X. This has not stopped me however, and for the majority of GUI tools that I use such as Wireshark, BurpSuit, OWASP ZAP, Dirbuster and Ettercap all have Windows versions that I can use.
Docker for Windows currently does not support USB passthrough, therefore I cannot connect my Alfa Wireless card or RTL-SDR to take advantage of the tools Kali has available for these devices. This means I either need to find Windows alternatives or boot into my Kali VM to use these devices.
I have become a huge fan of this set up with Docker. It is quick and seemless to open up a Kali command prompt and start hacking away. I have found it particularly useful whilst working my through the machines on Hack the Box. However when doing Vulnhub VM’s, I need to either put the VMs on my ESXI server at home or I need to use my Kali VM.
Kali is security distribution popular in the Cyber security community. Especially penetration testers really love it. Kali provides a lot of security exploitation tool to test various systems like server, network, application server, database, VoIP etc. Kali is provided in different formats like virtual machine, ISO file, USB image and container. In this tutorial we will look how to install Kali docker container in a Ubuntu box. Our host system is Ubuntu but it is the same for other distributions like Debian, Fedora, CentOS etc.
Docker have different names for different distributions because of some package name conflict. Docker name can be used for Fedora, RedHat, CentOS and other related distributions and installation can be done like below.
Fedora, RedHAT, CentOS:
Debian, Ubuntu, Mint:
Docker works as a daemon service. In order to use docker we need to start this service. There are different service and daemon management tools but
sytemctl is supported by all of them.
Check Docker Service Status
We can check docker service status with the
Now we can use
docker command to find Kali docker image. We will use
search sub command with
kali term to find available Kali container images in Docker Hub.
As we can see there are a lot of Kali container image. We will use most popular one which is provided by officially. Interestingly it is not check as official.
We will pull Kali container image from the Docker Repository with the `pull sub-command like below. Container images uses layered file system and downloaded as multi part. This is an advantage for creating multiple containers from single image because only changed part will copied and unchanged part of the image will be used by multiple containers without problem.
Kali Linux Docker Container
We will start the container with the
run sub-command. But there are some options we should provide. After container is started how can we connect to the Kali ? For this we will provide
-i options to specify we want to connect to the terminal interactively.
We should update package information of the Kali container because the container have old versions of tools. Other cause is apt do not have recent and all package information. We will update package information with the following command.
By default Kali container comes very thin. We should install required tools by using apt package management. We will install
nmap in the following example.
One of the fundamental rule of the containers is after the container stops all changes are lost. This is unwanted situation for us. We will save our Kali container current state and we can reuse this image again.
We will list currently running containers to find Kali container and get the Container ID which identifies the container uniquely. We will use
Save Container With A Name
We have found that our container id is a64bcb9cdc9a . So we will save this container with a new name like
mykali by using